Breaking News

10 things that will change in J&K after scrapping Article 370

5 August 2019, will always be remembered as a turning point in the geographical, constitutional and political discourse of Jammu and Kashmir. The scrapping of Article 370, 35 A and J&K reorganization bill has brought  Inqualab in the state. Before highlighting key changes that were introduced today let’s make a brief discussion on Article 370 and 35A.

What is Article 370?

Article 370 — comes under Part XXI of the Constitution, deals with “Temporary, Transitional and Special provisions” — granted J&K some special powers. Under this article, the Centre needs the state government’s concurrence to apply laws — except in defence, foreign affairs, finance, and communications.

Note: The construction makers always deemed Article 370 as temporary and thus listed it in Part XX11 of the constitution. The debate in constituent assembly on Article 370 clearly reflects the idea that Article 370 was to be introduced for a short period of time. 

What is Article 35 A?

Article 35 A of the Indian constitution is an article that empowers the Jammu and Kashmir state’s legislature to define ‘Permanent Resident’ of the state and provide special right and privileges to those permanent residents.

Article 35 A was inserted to Indian constitution with a presidential order on May 14, 1954. This Article was never presented before Parliament. It was not discussed and debated in Parliament of India and thus it is questionable on the ground that it was not added to the constitution as per the procedure prescribed in the constitution. It clearly violates Article 368 of the Indian constitution and therefore has no constitutional validity.

The J&K reorganization bill seeks to divide J&K into two UT’s

1. Jammu Kashmir with constituent assembly( Like Delhi)

2. Ladhak with no constituent assembly.

Besides, these major changes have introduced in the administration and citizenship provisions which are briefed below-

3. The separate constitution of J&K has come to an end and laws similar to those of Delhi will govern it.

4. The provision of two flags has been also withdrawn. Only, Tiranga will be hoist.

5. New Delimitation commission will be set up to reorganize the number of seats in the constituent assembly.

6. The words such as secular and integrity of preamble of the Indian constitution will be extended to the J&K(UT)

7. Right to education will also be implemented in J&K

8. Jammu and Kashmir legislative assembly tenure will be brought as par to other assemblies in the country i.e is 5 years.

9. J&K Legislative Council will cease to exist.

10. The office of the governor will be replaced by Lieutenant general.

Akash Kumar Singh

Akash is a young scholar of communication and governance. A graduate in Mass Communication, Akash has been University topper. He holds his Masters degree from Centre for Culture, Media and Governence, Jamia Millia Islamia. He has authored and co-authored several researches and books. At a young age of 21, he was conferred with the 'Emerging Journalist' award by the Madhya Pradesh Government. He has also been conferred with the prestigious Prime Minister's Award on Republic Day Parade for being 'Meritorious Student of India'. Currently a LAMP Fellow, he works as a legislative researcher at the office of Ninong Ering, MP from Arunachal East. He is the Editor at Campus Chronicle.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.