–Written By Raghav Agarwal,
1st year BBA LLB
जन-जन की भाषा है हिंदीBy अभिषेक मिश्र
भारत की आशा है हिंदी……
जिसने पूरे देश को जोड़े रखा है
वो मजबूत धागा है हिंद ……
हिन्दुस्तान की गौरवगाथा है हिंदी
एकता की अनुपम परम्परा है हिंदी…
जिसके बिना हिन्द थम जाए
ऐसी जीवनरेखा है हिंदी…
जिसने काल को जीत लिया है
ऐसी कालजयी भाषा है हिंदी…
सरल शब्दों में कहा जाए तो
जीवन की परिभाषा है हिंदी…
As rightly expressed by Abhishek Mishr, such is the impact of Hindi that people in India who know it even associate it with the unity of the country. Actually, such is the impact of Hindi that not only people who know Hindi but even people not related to Hindi get attracted to it. And it is evident from the fact that recently Abu Dhabi declared Hindi as its third official court language. As Hindi is the mother tongue of India and also the official language of union, every year on 14th September “Hindi Diwas” is celebrated in India. On 14th September 1949, Hindi was adopted as the official language of the union and since then it is celebrated as “Hindi Diwas’ in India. It was adopted on this day because it is the birthday of Hindi author Bihar Rajendra Simha, who along with various other Hindi writers such as Hazari Prasad Diwedi, Kaka Kalelkar, Maithali Saran Gupt and Seth Govind Das put in great efforts to declare Hindi as the official language of India.
Hindi as a language evolved out of different languages and dialects of societies of various regions of the world. Hindi belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language group. Later Hindi was influenced by Persian and the Mughals made their own modifications to the language along the way. Even though Hindi has evolved from Sanskrit, many of its words find their origin in Arabic or Persian. Hindi also takes credit for being a “link language” as it has brought together the large Indian Diaspora living around the world and has reduced the gap between North and South India. Hindi as a language has travelled across the globe and is spoken not only in India, but also in countries like Mauritius, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa and New Zealand. Like other Indo-Aryan languages, Hindi is a direct descendant of an early form of Vedic Sanskrit, through Sauraseni Prakrit and Śauraseni Apabhraṃśa, which emerged in the 7th century CE. Before the standardization of Hindi on the Khariboli dialect, various dialects and languages of the Hindi belt attained prominence through literary standardization, such as Avadhi and Braj Bhasha. Early Hindi literature came about in the 12th and 13th centuries CE. This body of work included the early Rajasthani epics such as renditions of the Dhola Maru, the Prithviraj Raso in Braj Bhasha, and the works of Amir Khusrow in the Khariboli of Delhi.
Modern Standard Hindi is based on the Khariboli dialect, the vernacular of Delhi and the surrounding region, which came to replace earlier prestige dialects such as Awadhi, Maithili and Braj. Modern Hindi and its literary tradition evolved towards the end of the 18th century. Modern Standard Hindi is one of the youngest Indian languages in this regard.
Apart from its uniqueness in the way it originated and evolved, the fact that it is phonetic which means you pronounce what you read also makes it possible to write any potential sound we hear or make. There is a direct correspondence between symbols and sounds in Hindi unlike most other languages including English. It is also the 4th most spoken language in the world.
Since its standardization, Hindi has made various advancements in the fields of literature and cinema. In cinema, various early movies such as Awaara (1951), Mother India (1957), Pather Panchali (1955), Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959) brought fame to Indian cinema. In recent times, realistic films such as Newton (2017), Dangal (2016) getting praise from all around the world. Among literature, writers such as Premchand, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Harivansh Rai Bachchan and Mahadevi Verma brought up various social issues in front of the people and provided a change to those social evils through their works. Recently, various books of Indian writers such as “Five Point Someone” by Chetan Bhagat and “Q&A” by Vikas Swaroop were turned to films “3 Idiots” and “Slum dog Millionaire” respectively, earned praise along with awards from all around the world. On the global stage efforts have been made to uplift the status of Hindi as a language of various countries to an international language. Our government is currently taking various steps to make Hindi as one of the official language of the United Nations. On various global stages our honorable Prime Minister Narendra Modi has emphasized on Hindi and for that reasons has spoken in Hindi on various stages such as 69th United Nations General Assembly in 2014 and United Nations Sustainable Development Management Summit in 2015.
Although, Hindi is popular in the world but to maintain its dignity in the world we must preserve our culture and educate people around the world about our culture and language.